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POLS 312 (Sukkary): MENA Politics and International Relations: Search Tips

LIBX Extension

For quick searching of library sources, give this a try. Available for Firefox and Chrome browsers only.

Phrase Searching

In most databases, and in Google, enclosing words between quotation marks means: search for these words next to each other, in order.


In most databases, if you type the beginning of a word and then type an asterisk (*), the database will match any word that begins with those letters. For instance:

  • politic* matches politician, political, politics
  • therap* matches therapy, therapist, therapeutic

Some exceptions:

Library Catalog

In our library catalog, an asterisk can match a maximum of 5 characters. To match more, you need to type a double asterisk (**).

LexisNexis Academic

To truncate a word in LexisNexis Academic, use an exclamation point (!). For instance, politic!


Google does not have this feature because it applies truncation (and many other "fuzzy" search techniques) automatically.

Matching Multiple Words with "OR"

In most databases, when you type a bunch of words, the system searches for records that include all of those words. If you connect words or phrases together with the word OR, database will match any of the words you type. For instance:

  • "motion pictures" OR cinema
  • "venereal disease" OR syphilis OR gonorrhea
  • "health care" OR healthcare OR "medical care"

You need to be careful to either put the OR statement in parentheses, or in its own box on an Advanced Search screen. Otherwise you may get lots of results since the system will ignore most of your search query.

Here is a search that will catch all articles with the phrase Hurricane Katrina that also have either the word corruption or the word mismanagement:

"hurricane katrina" AND (corruption OR mismanagement)

And here is a search that will be much less successful:

Bad: "hurricane katrina" AND corruption OR mismanagement

In this case you would get all articles containing the word mismanagement, whether or not they also had the phrase Hurricane Katrina.

Leave out Extras

It's better to leave out minor connecting words such as with, during, in, etc. Sometimes databases ignore these, but other times they don't, and your search results suffer as a result. Compare the following two searches:

Just by removing the word during, we got a lot more good results.